World AIDS Day 2021: How AIDS disease spreads, and How to prevent AIDS?

World AIDS Day 2021: We celebrate World AIDS Day is on 1st December, every year. On this day, WHO and other organizations try to spread knowledge about AIDS. The theme of World AIDS Day 2021 is End inequalities. End AIDS”. In this article, let’s see what are the symptoms of AIDS disease and how we can prevent AIDS in 2021.

World AIDS Day 2021
World AIDS Day 2021

Symptoms of AIDS disease: AIDS is such a disease, which is not talked about openly. World AIDS Day is celebrated every year on 1 December to make people aware of this disease. This disease can happen to both men and women. 

HIV AIDS starting symptoms are: 

  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Rash
  • Night sweats
  • Muscle aches
  • Sore throat
  • Fatigue
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Mouth ulcers

And, in the third stage of HIV infection.

Symptoms of AIDS can include:

  • Rapid weight loss
  • Recurring fever or profuse night sweats
  • Extreme and unexplained tiredness
  • Prolonged swelling of the lymph glands in the armpits, groin, or neck
  • Diarrhea that lasts for more than a week
  • Sores of the mouth, anus, or genitals
  • Pneumonia
  • Red, brown, pink, or purplish blotches on or under the skin or inside the mouth, nose, or eyelids
  • Memory loss, depression, and other neurologic disorders

The shocking Stats of AIDS in India

The National AIDS Control Organization (NACO) estimates that in 2017 2.14 million people were living with HIV/AIDS in India. What is AIDS, and how does it spread? Let’s see the answer to these questions.

What is HIV?

HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. This virus causes AIDS, which weakens your immune system by going inside the body and turning its blood into white water.

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What is AIDS?

AIDS stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. When HIV is not treated, it can lead to AIDS. AIDS, the third and most dangerous stage of HIV, makes a person who has untreated HIV more likely to develop AIDS. A person can live with HIV for about 10 to 15 years before getting AIDS.

AIDS can spread in these ways

  1. In the event of having sex with someone without protection, the possibility of spreading AIDS increases.
  2. The risk of spreading the infection increases even if the same syringe and needle are used repeatedly.
  3. It can also be spread by using medical equipment contaminated with HIV-infected blood.
  4. This disease can also be spread by coming in contact with infected vaginal secretions, semen, and open wounds.
  5. Any woman who is infected with this disease can spread this infection even if she breastfeeds the baby.

How do we know if we have been a victim of AIDS?

Doctors say that in the early stages of AIDS, it is difficult to recognize that HIV. Whether it has entered the body or not, because its symptoms can emerge even after 5 to 10 years. If white patchy spots appear in the mouth, excessive sweating, frequent complaints of fatigue, sudden weight loss, high fever, frequent diarrhea, swollen lymph glands of thighs and armpits, lumps, If there is itching and burning in the whole body, problems like pneumonia, tuberculosis, skin cancer, then it should not be too late to get the test done for AIDS.

How to prevent AIDS?

  1. A person suffering from AIDS should abstain from sexual intercourse.
  2. Avoid unprotected sex, gay-sex, and sex with prostitutes.
  3. Wash your genitals thoroughly with clean water after passing urine after intercourse.
  4. Ask to use new blades when shaving in salons.
  5. If there is a wound on the lips, leakage of blood, then avoid kissing, because the virus of this disease can reach your blood through saliva and make you suffer from this disease.
  6. Before the blood is taken into the body, it has HIV. Be sure to check for free.
  7. Use only disposable syringes and needles when giving injections.
  8. If an unmarried man or woman becomes infected with AIDS, then they should not marry, because AIDS will ruin their life by infecting their spouse and children.

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World AIDS Day 2021 theme

The theme of World AIDS Day 2021 is End inequalities. End AIDS” On 1 December 2021, WHO is calling on global leaders and citizens to rally to confront the inequalities that drive AIDS and to reach people who are currently not receiving essential HIV services.

We gave you this information because this can help you in preventing AIDS on the occasion of World AIDS Day 2021.

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